Belgrade – centre of the world
The initiator and “connective tissue” was the former Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia, led by Josip Broz Tito, which, with its influence and good relations with most countries, was able to enable disagreements and disputes between countries to be resolved peacefully.
The first conference of the Non-Aligned Movement, held in Belgrade, was attended by representatives of 25 countries with the status of members, 3 with the status of observers, as well as representatives of 24 liberation movements, socialist and other parties and organizations.
The first conference focused on preserving world peace, disarmament, colonialism and economic development, and on that occasion, after six session days, three documents were adopted: the Declaration of Heads of State and Government, the Statement on the Danger of War and the Appeal for World Peace.
Focusing on national struggles for independence, poverty eradication, economic development, and opposition to colonialism, imperialism, and neocolonialism, the Non-Aligned Movement has played a major role throughout world history.
In 1961, in the time of the Cold War between Washington and Moscow, Belgrade was preparing for an important international event. On that occasion, representatives from 25 countries were hosted. The center and airport of the capital were then dominated by the colors of the flags of countries from four continents, while hundreds of people came out to greet the guests.